Cholesterol is essential for your well being. So, it is important for us to understand cholesterol first.
What is Cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a waxy fat-like substance that is made in our liver and travels throughout your bloodstream. It is a key ingredient that our body needs to make new cells, hormones, Vitamin D etc. But too much cholesterol create serious problems such as heart diseases and stroke.
Why too much cholesterol is harmful?
There are mainly two types of cholesterol LDL and HDL -
Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) -
It is also known as bad cholesterol because it is build up inside our arteries, which fill and even block the arteries and create chances of heart diseases or stroke. Hence, we should keep our LDL low.
High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) -
It is also known as good cholesterol as it collects bad cholesterol from your arteries and sends it back to our liver where it breaks and removed from our body. Hence, we should keep our HDL higher.
What are Triglycerides?
Triglycerides play an important role in body cholesterol system. It is the most common type of fat in our body and it stores excess fat from our diet. Increase in triglycerides along with high LDL and low HDL may lead to cardiovascular diseases. Hence, it is important for us to keep our triglycerides level low.
Cholesterols and numbers?
Measuring cholesterol and knowing it in numbers is not enough, we should consult a doctor to understand its concern right for an individual's body and understand the risk factor. A proper balance between diet and exercise is important along with quitting smoking.
Credit - American Health Association